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The Dalmatian can be stubborn and independent, he is intelligent and tends to play comedy so as not to obey. It is therefore not suitable for novice masters. Dogs very energetic, athletic and endowed with a great endurance, Dalmatian needs a lot of exercise. He will love to practise a stimulating activity with his master: agility or obedience classes, canicross, bike rides, etc.

Origin and History

The Dog in Health and Disease 1859 by Stonehenge

The origin of the Dalmatian is still unknown today even though we have found drawings of dogs resembling Dalmatian on tombs of pharaohs of ancient Egypt. Moreover, in the 14th century, some religious chronicles suggest that the Dalmatian originate from the eastern Mediterranean basin near the coast of Dalmatia which is to be today’s Croatia. They are also seen on Italian paintings dated to the 16th century found in a Croatian convent. In the 17th century, this dog made his appearance as a dog carriage in Italy in particular, because he has the ability to stand between the legs of horses and adopt their pace. It was then used by the Vatican, to accompany the carriages of the post office to ensure its safety. Subsequently, he became a stable dog in England and France to oversee the stables and held the title of check dogs.

 

Dalmatien of 1915

The first appearance in a dog show of a Dalmatian took place in Birmingham in December 1860. The first standard Dalmatian was established in 1882. This standard was made official in 1890. Late 19th and early 20th Dalmatian arrives in America and accompanies firefighters travelling by horse-drawn pump car and also saving fire victims. At the advent of horsepower the role of the Dalmatians becomes mascot firefighters of the United States.

During the 1960s the character of Dalmatian was lacking. Indeed, its popularity, so the increase in demand, has resulted in the breed suffering from intensive breeding, aimed at producing many puppies. Even today, when buying a puppy, it is advisable to turn to a specialized breeder who takes into account the stability of the character of the parents of his litter.

Health and Nutrition

Dalmatian is subject to various health problems. Here is a brief list of the most common health problems in Dalmatians:

  • Urinary stones;
  • Dysplasia of the hip;
  • Dysplasia of the elbow;
  • Mega esophagus;
  • Skin and joint problems;
  • Deafness.

Dalmatian unfortunately has a predisposition to urinary problems in connection with its consumption of proteins. In fact, too much protein consumption increases the level of uric acid and promotes the formation of urinary stones as well as dermatitis. Specialists therefore recommend food at a protein level of 20% or less, low purine foods such as poultry and vegetables, or high quality croquettes. The Urinary Health product is also an asset to consider.

According to the data, on average, 15% of Dalmatian puppies are deaf unilaterally or bilaterally. Dogs with a white background like Dalmatian have more genetic risk of hearing loss.

Dalmatians tend to lose their hairs constantly and show a strong seasonal moult. The product Hair Loss is here all indicated. Brushing every other day is recommended. In addition, because of its white coat, the Dalmatian does not support the intense sun on its skin.

Also, to reduce the risk of joint problems, it is essential to wipe the wet Dalmatian with a towel as it enters the house and to dress it on cold winter days. A supplement for his joints can be considered.

 

Character

The Dalmatian is a sportsman! He is playful, vivacious, affectionate, loyal to his family, loving children, but not suitable for toddlers and cannot tolerate loneliness. It is said that he is particularly fond of horses and that is why the Dalmatian accompanied the carriages.


The Dalmatian can be stubborn and independent, he is intelligent and tends to play comedy so as not to obey. It is therefore not suitable for novice masters. Dogs very energetic, athletic and endowed with a great endurance, Dalmatian needs a lot of exercise. He will love to practise a stimulating activity with his master: agility or obedience classes, canicross, bike rides, etc.

 

 

Choose Your Dalmatian

As we have seen the Dalmatian being very energetic, tonic, it is not made to live alone in an apartment. However, with available owners, active sports type who like to run daily and this may be possible. The ideal is that it has large spaces to run freely and enjoy the outdoors. He enjoys riding horses. Since the Dalmatian does not tolerate loneliness, he needs a very available master to flourish. This dog is suitable for all family situations and is compatible with children five years old and over. Here are the highlights and less strong.

 

Strong points

Negative points

  • Love to run so good jogging partner
  • Friendly when properly trained
  • Excellent companion for the family,
    sweet with children
  • Simple and fast grooming
  • Need a lot of physical activity and mental stimulation
  • Do not tolerate loneliness
  • Not recommended for novices
  • Constant hair loss
  • Very active inside

© Martine Lavallée B.A.A. and Animal Health Technician

Sources :
www.dalmatien-eure.com
fr.wikipedia.org
www.elevagedalmatien.fr