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Ear infections are common in dogs and cats and cause frequent frustration for the animal and its owner. Infection of the ear canal with bacteria, yeast or parasites is one of the most common in dogs and cats and occasionally in rabbits. In dogs, ear infections account for nearly 25% of all health problems seen in a veterinary clinic.

Otitis is a complicated condition and often difficult to regulate. External otitis occurs in most cases, middle or medial otitis, and internal otitis, which are rare but very serious.


Causes and Risk Factors:   

  • Parasites: ear mites
  • Foreign bodies: example grass barbs
  • Environmental allergies and food allergies
  • The cleaning too aggressive and too frequent ears
  • Some dog breeds (ex. spaniels) with droopy ears, or with a very narrow ear canal.
  • Breeds with a lot of hair in this same channel (poodles).
  • Animals that bathe a lot (beach or pool)
  • Bacteria and yeast
  • Car rides with your head in the wind
  • Some drugs

Signs and Symptoms:

  • The ears will be purulent and smelly.
  • The animal will bend its head or tilt it to one side.
  • There will be scratching, especially around the pavilion.
  • The pain will often be strong, the animal often becoming amorphous.
  • Mites cause some of these symptoms, including black-coloured discharge and often a presence of black “earth” in the canal. This “earth” is a mixture of mite droppings plus earwax. Mites are more often a problem in cats.

Ear Cleaning:
A good way to prevent all these ear problems is to clean the ears properly. As a veterinarian I strongly advise you to do a good cleaning at least twice a month. (Naturally, during an otitis, the veterinarian will recommend a greater frequency of cleaning). The dog’s ear canal is shaped like an “L”. The vertical part of the “L” opens outwards, the horizontal part is deeper and ends at the tympanum. Use the ZANIMO ear cleaning solution. It will give you great results.

Insert the liquid into the vertical part of the canal, massage the base of the ear and leave in place for 10 to 15 minutes. The animal will brew its head thus secreting some of the ear wax. With a cotton swab, clean the visible parts of the canal and the pavilion as much as possible. Be careful not to push debris back to the bottom of your ear.


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to give your four-legged
friends a better quality of life: